Thu 06 Apr 2006
"Conserving Kampong Heritage in Urban Singapore: A Case Study of Kampong Buangkok"
Category : heritage
'Kampong Buangkok, the last traditional village in urban Singapore was used as a case study by a RGS students, Caroline Ong Shu Xian, Rebecca Heng Zer Lyn and Ho Qi Xin, to examine people's views on kampong lifestyle and its heritage value and if this influenced their opinion about the conservation of the kampong. The students surveyed individuals with no experience of kampong life, former and present kampong residents.
Kampongs were generally viewed as backward and unhygienic, and treated as a "getaway" rather than a residence. Nevertheless, kampongs were felt to be tied to heritage and should be conserved for education and tourism. Many felt powerless in the decision-making process that would decide the kampong's fate. The eventual survival of Kampong Buangkok will reveal the response of the state towards heritage conservation.' - Extracted from the report.
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I asked the RGS students for their thoughts, and they responded:
As such their report ha been distributed through the Singapore Heritage Mailing List (11th March 2006; thanks to Chua Ai Lin for the alert), Yesterday.sg and now Habitatnews.
Links (click to view; right-click to download pdf or flash: files):
Where is Kampung Lorong Buangkok?
Wed 30 Mar 2005
The Last Kampung
Category : heritage
Jessie ("Jessdo") wrote to the Nature Singapore mailing list yesterday (29 Mar 2005):
There are still a few households there, mainly Chinese and Malay villagers leading simple lifestyle. Among the surrounding greenery, there's a very interesting trek through some forest and remnants of kampong gardens leading to a wide canal which looked like a mini "yellow river of China." Egrets and herons were spotted near the banks.
I was glad I had the opportunity to visit the kampong, when it's still alive. It'll certainly be a great loss if this last kampong finally dies out in future.'
Photo by Jessdo. View her other photos here
and Luthien's photos here
After responding to the mails, I decided to compile the information here since there apepars to be quite little on Google. If you find interesting sites of information or photos, do let me know
Kampung Lorong Buangkok and flooding
The village is prone to flooding and a year ago, apparently between 8th - 10th March 2004, several households were affected, although it was not the worst they had experienced. A few articles appeared in The New Paper at the time.
Ngee Ann Polytechnic and Kampung Lorong Buangkok residents
There appears to be two sessions at least during which Ngee Ann Polytechnic teamed up with villagers for community service (source: Ngee Ann Polytechnic Events & Annnouncements - link).
The wide canal Jess likened to a "little yellow river", is in fact the village's connection to the sea - it is the upper reaches of the Sungei Punggol, which eventually drains into the Eastern Straits of Johor. For a perspective, see this StreetDirectory.com map of the location of the kampung and this map which shows where the Sungei Punggol drains out to the sea. The red star denotes the kampung's location.
The Sungei Punggol drains under the Tampines Expressway (TPE), and it is the mangove estuary we see from the Punggol Bridge at the 11km point of the TPE. I was fascinated enough by the area to include this in the SSC Guide to the Mangroves of Singapore [link], and got a friend, Goh Wee Kee (a botany student I called Connaraceae) to drive me down for a photo from the highway! - link.
My father described the place as a mangrove creek and so did D. H. Murphy, and the odd taxi driver. They talked about a wooden bridge that extended across the estuary which gave the place its name - "Woodbridge," eventually made famous by the "mental hospital" which was apparently named Woodbridge Hospital in 1951. This hospital shifted to Hougang in 1993 and in a rare move, the name Jalan Woodbridge was changed to Gerald Drive throughout its extent, reportedly due to a perceived negative association with the name - but mental health professionals would probably not feel the same way. Remnants of that road name can be detected on maps on the internet at Street Directory.com and Asiamaya.com. Though I visted the area as a child in the late 70's, I cannot recall a mangrove creek, only the canal and the Shell station. See Chan Sow Yan's photos on Exploration Trails.
Sasi Nayar who worked in the area between 2002-2004 studied the nutrient and environmental contaminant pathways in Sungei Punggol, and his conclusions, handily summarised as diagrams are instructive. The river was battered with mangrove deforestation (the bansk were later beautified with grass!), historical contaminents were dredged up, driving bactierial counts off the scale, land development fed the river for years (was present in 1999), as did dredge spil lying on the river banks during the monsoon! The area was also fed with water from the Eastern Straits of Johor, which drain the rivers of south-eastern Johor.
The Sungei Punggol will not be a river much longer - in October 2004, a PUB spokesman finally revealed that "...Sungei Punggol and Sungei Serangoon are expected to be converted to reservoirs by 2009." - link.