Kelvin K P Lim and Peter K L Ng
Perch-like, usually slightly laterally compressed fishes, which are unique amongst the freshwater fishes for having only a single nostril on each side of the head. They are found in great diversity throughout tropical America, Africa, India and western Asia. They are not native to South East Asia.
Many species of the tilapine group of this family have been brought round the world for aquaculture purposes, and of these, the Common Tilapia (Oreochromis mossambicus) is probably the most successful and widely distributed.
Euryhaline; oviparous; omnivorous; gregarious, but males are highly territorial; pelagic. The proper genus name for our Common Tilapia (Tilapia, Sarotherodon or Oreochromis) has now been more less resolved. The males are territorial and are hostile towards other males. Females tend to be more drab, and seem to travel in large schools. A breeding male will clean out a large depression on the substrate in which he will "invite" potential females to come and mate. The fishes are mouthbrooders, and it is usually the females who take care of the brood.
Fishes in Singapore
Amazing Fishy Facts
About the guidebook
From A Guide to Common Freshwater Fishes of Singapore by Kelvin K P Lim and Peter K L Ng
Published by the Singapore Science Centre and sponsored by BP
@Raffles Museum of Biodiversity Research and Singapore Science Centre